Gautama Buddha Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha (563 BC – 483 BC) is also known as Mahatma Buddha, Lord Buddha, Siddhartha and Shakyamuni. He was a Shramana whose teachings followed Buddhism, he was born in Lumbini in the house of King Shuddhodhana of the Ikshvaku dynasty Kshatriya Shakya clan. His mother’s name was Mahamaya, who was of Koliya dynasty, who died seven days after his birth, he was followed by Mahaprajapati Gautami, the queen’s younger sister. After marriage, Siddharth abandoned the only firstborn baby Rahul and his wife Yashodhara and went towards the forest in the night in search of true divine knowledge and the path of liberating the world from the slightest, death, suffering. After years of hard work, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar) and became Lord Buddha from Siddhartha Gautama.
Biography Gautama Buddha
Life introduction gautam buddha
Gautama Buddha (563 BC – 483 BC) is also known as Mahatma Buddha, Lord Buddha, Siddhartha and Shakyamuni. He was a Shramana whose teachings followed Buddhism and he was born in Lumbini in the house of King Shuddhodhana of the Kshatriya Shakya clan. His mother’s name was Mahamaya, who was of Koliya dynasty, who died seven days after his birth, he was followed by Mahaprajapati Gautami, the queen’s younger sister. After marriage, Siddharth abandoned the only firstborn baby Rahul and his wife Yashodhara and went towards the forest in the night in search of true divine knowledge and the path of liberating the world from the slightest, death, suffering. After years of hard work, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar) and became Lord Buddha from Siddhartha Gautama.
Birth and childhood
He was born in Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, the then capital of the Shakya Republic, in Nepal. The Lumbini forest was located in the Terai region of Nepal between Kapilavastu and Devdah, 8 miles west of Nautanwa station near Rukminidei. Mahamaya Devi, the Empress of Kapilavastu, suffered childbirth on the way to her Naihar Devdah and she gave birth to a child. The baby was named Siddhartha. He was also called Gautama because he was born in Gautama gotra. Kshatriya king Shuddhodana was his father. According to the traditional legend, Siddharth’s mother died seven days after his birth. He was raised by his aunt and Mahaprajavati (Gautami), the second queen of Shuddodhan. The infant was named Siddhartha, which means “He who is born to achieve Siddhi”.
During the birth ceremony, the sage Drishta Asit announced from his mountain abode – the child would either become a great king or a great pious guide. Shuddodhan organized a naming ceremony on the fifth day and invited eight Brahmin scholars to study the future. Everyone made the same dual prediction that the child would become either a great king or a great holy man. Maharaj Ashoka erected a pillar at the site in Lumbini in south central Nepal to commemorate the birth of Buddha in the third century BC. Buddha’s birthday is widely celebrated in many countries.
Siddhartha’s mind was a source of compassion and kindness since childhood. It is revealed by many incidents of his early life. When the horses ran in the horse racing and the foam started coming out of their mouth, Siddhartha would stop them knowing that they were tired and the winning bet would be lost. Even in the game, Siddharth liked to lose himself because defeating someone and grieving someone was not seen by him. Siddhartha assisted Hans, who was wounded by an arrow by his cousin Devadatta, and protected his life.
Education and Marriage
Siddhartha also studied royalty and warfare. In wrestling, horse racing, arrow-command, chariot, no one can match him. At the age of sixteen, Siddhartha was married to the girl Yashodhara. He lived with Yashodhara in the palace, rich in grandeur and all the indulgences made by his father in the form of seasons where his son Rahul was born. But after marriage, his mind went into disinterest and for the sake of peace and happiness, he abandoned the family.
King Shuddhodhana made a lot of indulgence for Siddhartha. Built three beautiful palaces worth three seasons. Dance and singing and entertainment material were collected there. Slaves and maids were put in his service. But all these things could not keep Siddhartha tied up in the world. One day in the spring, Siddhartha went on a garden walk. He saw an old man on the street. His teeth were broken, his hair was caught, his body was crooked. He was walking on the road, slowly shaking with a stick in his hand. The second time when Kumar went for a walk on the garden, a patient came in front of his eyes. His breathing was fast. The shoulders fell loose. The arms were dry. The stomach was swollen. His face turned pale. He was able to walk very hard with the help of another. For the third time Siddhartha got a bier. Four men were taking him. There were many people behind. Some were crying, some were beating their chest, some were scratching their hair. These scenes distract Siddhartha a lot. He thought that ‘Damn it is youth, who soaks up life’. Damn to health, which destroys the body. Damn to life, which completes its chapter so soon. Will old age, sickness and death always be mild like this? For the fourth time, when Kumar went for a garden walk, he saw a monk. Free from all the feelings and desires of the world, a happy monk attracted Siddhartha.
Siddhartha left for penance after leaving the state’s fascination like beautiful wife Yashodhara, Dudhunmeh Rahul and Kapilvastu. He reached the Rajgriha. Asked alms there. While walking around, Siddharth reached Alar Kalam and Uddak Ramputra. I learned yoga and meditation from him. Learned to trance. But he was not satisfied with that. He reached Uruvela and started doing penance in various ways there.
Siddhartha first started austerity by eating only sesame-rice, then later he stopped taking any diet. The body became very thin. Six years passed while doing penance. Sidharth’s penance was not successful. Buddha’s Middle Way to Peace: One day some women returned from a city, where Siddhartha was doing penance.
Bihar is a state in eastern India District · History of Bihar · Demographics of Bihar · Bihar Day Government of Bihar Bihar | History, Map, Population, Government, & Facts Panchayati Raj Department, Government of Bihar Bihar State Centre. | India States Uts – Bihar – Know India: National Portal of India